CIP Online English Learning - Sentence Structures

Sentence Structures

Teacher Michelle

Ever wonder how you can improve your speaking?  How to make a sentence? One of the best ways that you can improve in English is by learning how to make a sentence. Are there any different kinds of sentences?

How to make a sentence?

A sentence is a group of words that has a complete thought. Another described it as “making sense on its own”. It can also be an independent clause since it can stand alone.  It has its own subject and verb, and mostly with an object. 

What is a clause?

There are two kinds. You already know that an independent clause is already a sentence. The other kind is what we call a dependent clause. A dependent clause is a group of words that has incomplete thought. It is also known as a subordinate clause. They need to be attached to an independent clause for it to be complete.

One more thing.

A sentence follows the most basic sentence pattern. Subject + Verb + Object. 

Have you heard of the Subject – Verb Agreement? It is a grammar rule for making a sentence. It is easy to follow. If you have a singular noun as the subject, the one doing the action, you need to have a singular subject, too. For the singular verb, you must add -s to it. The same thing goes for a plural noun as a subject. The plural subject must use a plural verb. A plural verb must be on its base form. Got it?

Four Types of Sentence Structures.

If you can understand the clauses, identifying sentences will be easier. There are four types of sentences. If you know them, it will be easier to make a sentence. The four types of sentences are as follows:

  • Simple Sentence – has one independent clause. It has one subject and a verb.
    • e.g. Mario studies English.
    • Mario and his friends study French.
  • Compound Sentence – has two independent clauses. It can be joined by coordinating conjunctions like “and”, “but”, “so”, etc. It can also be joined together with a comma or semicolon.
    • e.g. She finished the exams and she passed it, too.  (independent clause) (conjunction)  (independent clause)
  • Complex Sentence – it has one independent clause and one dependent clause.
    • e.g. He started a movement that lasted even until he was already gone.       (independent clause)     (dependent clause)
  • Compound-Complex Sentence – it has two independent clauses and one dependent clause.
    • e.g. While doing a lot of different part-time jobs, she finished her school and she started (dependent clause) (independent clause) (conjunction) helping her other cousins. (independent clause)

You are all set.

On one note, a longer sentence does not mean better.  It is better to have a sentence that is short and clear. I hope this will guide you in making different sentences. You have read this far, well done!

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