Present Continuous Tense
The present continuous is formed using am/is/are + present participle of the main verb. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and am/is/are. Negatives are made with not.
|Affirmative / Positive|
|Subject||+ to be||+ base + ing|
|Subject||+ to be + not||+ base + ing|
|She||is not (isn’t)||cooking.|
|to be||+ subject||+ base + ing|
Spelling Rules for changing –ing verbs
|Basic rule||Just add -ing to the base verb:|
|Exception||If the base verb ends in consonant + stressed vowel + consonant, double the last letter:
vowels = a, e, i, o, u
|Note that this exception does not apply when the last syllable of the base verb is not stressed:|
|Exception||If the base verb ends in ie, change the ie to y:|
|Exception||If the base verb ends in vowel + consonant + e, omit the e:|
Present Continuous Uses
- We use the present continuous for things that are happening at the moment of speaking. These things usually last for quite a short time and they are not finished when we are talking about them.
Example: I am eating.
She is taking a bath.
- We can use the present continuous for temporary or new habits (for normal habits that continue for a long time, we use the present simple). We often use this with expressions like ‘these days’ or ‘at the moment’.
Example: I am taking a diet these days.
- The next use is for definite future arrangements (with a future time word). In this case we have already made a plan and we are pretty sure that the event will happen in the future.
Example: I am having a class at 3 pm.