Comparative and Superlative
Comparative and superlative.
Comparative is used to differentiate different things, people or places. It could be an adjective or an adverb stating the differences in an object they modify.
Superlative is used to compare two or more nouns which are at lower or upper of a degree of quality.
If the adjective has one syllable add -er in comparative and ‘the’ -est with superlative.
Milk is sweeter than water.
Honey is the sweetest of them all.
Tip: For comparative with one-syllable word that has an ending of a consonant. Double the last consonant and add -er.
Example: Big, turns to – Bigger
Hot turns to Hotter.
With two-syllable adjectives ending with y, change the y to i and add -est for the superlative form.
Such as: happy to happiest, lazy to laziest.
For multiple syllable words and participle adjectives, add more or most before it.
|interesting/interested||More interesting/interested||Most interesting/interested|
|loved||More loved||Most loved|
|active||More active||Most active|
|famous||More famous||Most famous|
|useful||More useful||Most useful|
Smart TV is more useful than traditional TV.
There are irregular comparatives and superlatives. There are few irregular adjectives and adverbs.
|Adjective/ Adverb||Comparative Superlative|
Like, I feel better this morning.
Exception of rule.
Few adjectives can have either ‘er’ and ‘est’ or ‘more’ and ‘most’
|quiet||quieter/ more quiet||quietest/ most quiet|
|friendly||friendlier/ more friendly||friendliest/ most friendly|
On an earlier note, we said that with one syllable adjective you will use ‘er’ and ‘est’ but there are common words that you have to use ‘more’ and ‘most’.
|Real||More real||Most real|
|wrong/right||More wrong/right||Most wrong/right|
|Ill||More ill||Most ill|
Heads up for common mistakes. We usually see these sentences:
Slip: He runs more quicker than me.
It would be better to say: He runs quicker than me.
Slip: He is quicker as me.
Better to say: He is quicker than me.
When comparing use ‘than’ instead of ‘as’
Use ‘as’ when expressing similarity.
Example, She is as pretty as me.
It is so tricky how to use these forms. I hope this will help you to have a great start on learning comparative and superlative. Enjoy!