CIP Online English Learning - Comparative and Superlative

Comparative and Superlative

Teacher Catherine

Comparative and superlative.

Comparative is used to differentiate different things, people or places. It could be an adjective or an adverb stating the differences in an object they modify. 

Superlative is used to compare two or more nouns which are at lower or upper of a degree of quality. 

Formula.

If the adjective has one syllable add -er in comparative and ‘the’ -est with superlative.

Example:

 

Adjective Comparative Superlative
Sweet Sweeter The sweetest
Big Bigger The biggest

Such as:

Milk is sweeter than water.

Honey is the sweetest of them all.

Tip: For comparative with one-syllable word that has an ending of a consonant. Double the last consonant and add -er.

Example: Big, turns to – Bigger

Hot turns to Hotter.

With two-syllable adjectives ending with y, change the y to i  and add -est for the superlative form.

Such as: happy to happiest, lazy to laziest.

For multiple syllable words and participle adjectives, add more or most before it.

 

Adjective Comparative Superlative
interesting/interested More interesting/interested Most interesting/interested
loved More loved Most loved
active More active Most active
famous More famous Most famous
useful More useful Most useful

Such as:

Smart TV is more useful than traditional TV.

Irregular

There are irregular comparatives and superlatives. There are few irregular adjectives and adverbs.

 

Adjective/ Adverb Comparative Superlative
bad worse worst
far further furthest
much/many more most
good/well better best

 

Like, I feel better this morning. 

 

Exception of rule.

Few adjectives can have either ‘er’  and ‘est’ or ‘more’ and ‘most’

 

Adjective Comparative Superlative
quiet quieter/ more quiet quietest/ most quiet
friendly friendlier/ more friendly friendliest/ most friendly

On an earlier note, we said that with one syllable adjective you will use ‘er’ and ‘est’ but there are common words that you have to use ‘more’ and ‘most’.

 

Real More real Most real
wrong/right More wrong/right Most wrong/right
Ill More ill Most ill

 

Heads up for common mistakes. We usually see these sentences:

 

Slip: He runs more quicker than me.  

It would be better to say: He runs quicker than me.

 

Slip: He is quicker as me.

Better to say: He is quicker than me.

When comparing use ‘than’ instead of ‘as’

 

Use ‘as’ when expressing similarity.

Example, She is as pretty as me.

 

It is so tricky how to use these forms. I hope this will help you to have a great start on learning comparative and superlative. Enjoy!